Adaptations Rule Oscars 2000-2018

by John Robert Marlow

Post image for Adaptations Rule Oscars 2000-2018

And the winner is…the adaptation. Movies based on other things have dominated the Academy Awards for decades. More recently (2000-2018), well over half of all “Big Five” Academy Awards have gone to adaptations. (Click here for a definition of “adaptation”.)

The “Big Five” categories are Best Picture, Best Directing, Best Actor in a Leading Role, Best Actress in a Leading Role, and Best Writing. The Best Writing category actually consists of two subcategories: Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Original Screenplay—though as we’ll see, many “original” screenplays (and, therefore, the movies based on them) are actually adaptations.

In 2016, 100% of Big 5 wins (and Supporting Actor / Actress as well) were for adaptations, or work on adaptations. (See this post for details.)

Keep in mind that if you write a work that leads to a nomination in any of these categories, Hollywood will be your friend for life—regardless of how much (or how little) the film might earn. Ultimate status in the movie business is conveyed by two things: high profits and Academy Awards. The former is easier to come by.

Pretty much everyone in this town wants an Academy Award, and they can’t be bought at any price. So if you’ve shown, even once, that your work can propel an actor, director or producer into that auditorium on Oscar Night, others will place their bets on you to do the same for them. That said, we now return to our regularly-scheduled blog post…

While adapted works account for a clear majority of Big 5 nominees and winners, the Best Picture category is particularly adaptation-heavy. Consider the stats for Oscar years 2001-2018 (for works first released 2000-2017):

[NOTE: I wanted to get this up right after the Oscars, so the pretty pie charts will have to come later. Also to come: which of the Oscar-winning films listed below are adaptations.]

2001 3 of 5 (60%)
2002 5 of 5 (100%)
2003 4 of 5 (80%)
2004 5 of 5 (100%)
2005 4 of 5 (80%)
2006 3 of 5 (60%)
2007 3 of 5 (60%)
2008 5 of 5 (100%)
2009 5 of 10 (50%)
2010 6 of 10 (60%)*
2011 6 of 9 (67%)
2012 7 of 9 (78%)
2013 6 of 9 (67%)
2014 5 of 8 (62.5%)
2015 7 of 8 (87.5%)
2016 6 of 9 (67%)
2017 6 of 9 (67%)
2018 4 of 9 (44%)

* If we consider Toy Story 3 to be an adaptation (as the Academy does), then the 2010 figure is
actually 7 of 10.

On average, the Big Five categories have been remarkably consistent over the past 19 years. This is true of both nominations and wins. The figures cited below (rounded to the nearest .5%) apply to Oscar years 2001-2018 (awards presented in 2001-2017, for films released during calendar years 2000-20018).

BEST PICTURE

A total of 141 movies were nominated for Best Picture, of which 90 (64%) were adaptations. Of
the 19 Best Picture winners, 12 (63%) were adaptations. *chart coming*

BEST DIRECTOR

There were 95 nominations for Best Director, with 62 (65%) of those for work on adaptations.
The 19 winners in this category included 13 (68.5%) who directed adaptations. *chart*

BEST ACTOR

Among the 95 Best Actor nominees, 67 (70.5%) were recognized for work in adaptations. Of the 19 winners, 16 (84%) appeared in adaptations. *chart*

BEST ACTRESS

Of the 95 Best Actress nominees, 67 (70.5%) got the nod for their work in adaptations. There were 19 winners, with 13 (68.5%) appearing in adaptations. *chart*

BEST WRITING (INTRO)

This category is divided by the Academy into two subcategories—one for Adapted Screenplay, and one for Original Screenplay. Which seems straightforward enough, but actually isn’t. In the eyes of the Academy, it all comes down to whether or not the screenplay being considered is based on pre-existing material. Which also seems rather straightforward, but leads to some decidedly curious results.

The film Moonlight, for example (awarded Best Picture and Best Adapted Screenplay in 2017) was
written by Barry Jenkins (who was also nominated for Best Director) and based on Tarell Alvin
McCraney’s unproduced play In Moonlight Black Boys Look Blue. Though the Writers Guild of
America deemed the screenplay original (because the play it’s based on was never produced) and
honored it with their WGA Best Original Screenplay award, the Academy disagreed with that, and
changed the Academy Award category from Best Original Screenplay to Best Adapted Screenplay.

In 2005, Syriana (which spawned a Best Actor win for George Clooney) was nominated by the Writers Guild for a WGA Best Adapted Screeplay award because the script was based on Robert Baer’s memoir See No Evil: The True Story of a Ground Soldier in the CIA’s War on Terrorism. Warner Brothers submitted the script for consideration as an adaptation, and advertised it as an adaptation in trade publications. The film itself bears the source credit “based on the book by Robert Baer.” Nevertheless, the Academy moved Stephen Gaghan’s screenplay to the original category, because they felt the final script contained much more original than adapted material. That said, this was a wild exception; when the Academy changes a screenplay’s nomination category, it almost always changes it from Original to Adapted, based on its preexisting-material criteria.

To further confuse matters, the Academy automatically considers all sequels to be adaptations of
the first film, even if that first film was completely original. On the other hand, screenplays
based on actual real-life events are *not* considered to be adaptations, unless they’re based on
some (you guessed it) preexisting material (as defined by the Academy). So while movies like
Erin Brockovich and Spotlight are quite clearly based on true stories (and are thus
adaptations in the strictest sense of the word), the Academy considers the screennplays to be
original. Had these same scripts been based upon particular books, magazine articles,
documentary films etc., the Academy would consider them to be adaptations. Had they been based on information gleaned from dozens, scores, or hundreds of books, articles or docs, they’d be considered originals.

Because of all this, it’s impossible to really separate the two categories when discussing
*actual*—as opposed to Academy-mandated—adaptations. So the only thing to do is look at both of the subcategories together…

BEST ADAPTED SCREENPLAY

Not surprisingly, all 95 of the 95 screenplays (100%) nominated for Best Adapted Screenplay were, in fact, adapted screenplays. But$#151;as you might suspect by now—that’s not the whole story… *chart*

BEST ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY

A full 22 of the 95 scripts (23%) nominated for Best Original Screenplay were actually
adaptations. *chart*

BEST SCREENPLAY (ADAPTED AND ORIGINAL)

While including the Original Screenplay category (at 23%) to the Adapted Screenplay category
(100%) obviously drags down the overall average, we still wind up with 64% of all Best Writing
nominees—and 66% of all winners—being adaptations. *chart*


A WORD ABOUT WHAT IS (AND IS NOT) AN ADAPTATION

As noted above, the Academy’s definition of adaptation revolves around whether or not the screenplay (and therefore the movie) is primarily based upon one or a very small number of pre-existing works.

For the purposes of the Make Your Story a Movie book and this companion blog, we’ll take a broader view and say that adaptations include works based on magazine / newspaper / online articles, blogs, comic books / graphic novels, games or toys, historic events, myths / legends / faery tales, previous movies (remakes), nonfiction books, novels, children’s books, radio programs, screenplays (for different movies), songs, short stories / novellas, theme parks and rides, true-life stories, television and web series, etc. Sequels will not be considered adaptations, unless the original movie was itself an adaptation.

“BIG 5″ WINNERS AND NOMINEES, 2001-2018

What follows is a complete list of Big Five Academy Award nominees and winners for Oscar years
2001-2018 (awarded for films first released 2000-2017).

BEST PICTURE
* indicates a win

2001 (73rd Academy Awards)

Chocolat — David Brown, Kit Golden and Leslie Holleran, Producers
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon — Bill Kong, Hsu Li Kong and Ang Lee, Producers
Erin Brockovich — Danny DeVito, Michael Shamberg and Stacey Sher, Producers
*Gladiator — Douglas Wick, David Franzoni and Branko Lustig, Producers
Traffic — Edward Zwick, Marshall Herskovitz and Laura Bickford, Producers

2002 (74th)

*A Beautiful Mind — Brian Grazer and Ron Howard, Producers
Gosford Park — Robert Altman, Bob Balaban and David Levy, Producers
In the Bedroom — Graham Leader, Ross Katz and Todd Field, Producers
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring — Peter Jackson, Fran Walsh and Barrie M. Osborne, Producers
Moulin Rouge — Martin Brown, Baz Luhrmann and Fred Baron, Producers

2003 (75th)

*Chicago — Martin Richards, Producer
Gangs of New York — Alberto Grimaldi and Harvey Weinstein, Producers
The Hours — Scott Rudin and Robert Fox, Producers
The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers — Barrie M. Osborne, Fran Walsh and Peter Jackson, Producers
The Pianist — Roman Polanski, Robert Benmussa and Alain Sarde, Producers

2004 (76th)

*The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King — Barrie M. Osborne, Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh, Producers
Lost in Translation — Ross Katz and Sofia Coppola, Producers
Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World — Samuel Goldwyn, Jr., Peter Weir and Duncan Henderson, Producers
Mystic River — Robert Lorenz, Judie G. Hoyt and Clint Eastwood, Producers
Seabiscuit — Kathleen Kennedy, Frank Marshall and Gary Ross, Producers

2005 (77th)

The Aviator — Michael Mann and Graham King, Producers
Finding Neverland — Richard N. Gladstein and Nellie Bellflower, Producers
*Million Dollar Baby — Clint Eastwood, Albert S. Ruddy and Tom Rosenberg, Producers
Ray — Taylor Hackford, Stuart Benjamin and Howard Baldwin, Producers
Sideways — Michael London, Producer

2006 (78th)

Brokeback Mountain — Diana Ossana and James Schamus, Producers
Capote — Caroline Baron, William Vince and Michael Ohoven, Producers
*Crash — Paul Haggis and Cathy Schulman, Producers
Good Night, and Good Luck. — Grant Heslov, Producer
Munich — Kathleen Kennedy, Steven Spielberg and Barry Mendel, Producers

2007 (79th)

Babel — Alejandro González Iñárritu, Jon Kilik and Steve Golin, Producers
*The Departed — Graham King, Producer
Letters from Iwo Jima — Clint Eastwood, Steven Spielberg and Robert Lorenz, Producers
Little Miss Sunshine — David T. Friendly, Peter Saraf and Marc Turtletaub, Producers
The Queen — Andy Harries, Christine Langan and Tracey Seaward, Producers

2008 (80th)

Atonement — Tim Bevan, Eric Fellner and Paul Webster, Producers
Juno — Lianne Halfon, Mason Novick and Russell Smith, Producers
Michael Clayton — Sydney Pollack, Jennifer Fox and Kerry Orent, Producers
*No Country for Old Men — Scott Rudin, Ethan Coen and Joel Coen, Producers
There Will Be Blood — JoAnne Sellar, Paul Thomas Anderson and Daniel Lupi, Producers

2009 (81st)

The Curious Case of Benjamin Button — Kathleen Kennedy, Frank Marshall and Ceán Chaffin, Producers
Frost/Nixon — Brian Grazer, Ron Howard and Eric Fellner, Producers
Milk — Dan Jinks and Bruce Cohen, Producers
The Reader — Anthony Minghella, Sydney Pollack, Donna Gigliotti and Redmond Morris, Producers
*Slumdog Millionaire — Christian Colson, Producer

2010 (82nd)

Avatar — James Cameron and Jon Landau, Producers
The Blind Side — Gil Netter, Andrew A. Kosove and Broderick Johnson, Producers
District 9 — Peter Jackson and Carolynne Cunningham, Producers
An Education — Finola Dwyer and Amanda Posey, Producers
*The Hurt Locker — Kathryn Bigelow, Mark Boal, Nicolas Chartier and Greg Shapiro, Producers
Inglourious Basterds — Lawrence Bender, Producer
Precious: Based on the Novel ‘Push’ by Sapphire — Lee Daniels, Sarah Siegel-Magness and Gary Magness, Producers
A Serious Man — Joel Coen and Ethan Coen, Producers
Up — Jonas Rivera, Producer
Up in the Air — Daniel Dubiecki, Ivan Reitman and Jason Reitman, Producers

2011 (83rd)

Black Swan — Mike Medavoy, Brian Oliver and Scott Franklin, Producers
The Fighter — David Hoberman, Todd Lieberman and Mark Wahlberg, Producers
Inception — Emma Thomas and Christopher Nolan, Producers
The Kids Are All Right — Gary Gilbert, Jeffrey Levy-Hinte and Celine Rattray, Producers
*The King’s Speech — Iain Canning, Emile Sherman and Gareth Unwin, Producers
127 Hours — Christian Colson, Danny Boyle and John Smithson, Producers
The Social Network — Scott Rudin, Dana Brunetti, Michael De Luca and Ceán Chaffin, Producers
Toy Story 3 — Darla K. Anderson, Producer
True Grit — Scott Rudin, Ethan Coen and Joel Coen, Producers
Winter’s Bone — Anne Rosellini and Alix Madigan-Yorkin, Producers

2012 (84th)

*The Artist — Thomas Langmann, Producer
The Descendants — Jim Burke, Alexander Payne and Jim Taylor, Producers
Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close — Scott Rudin, Producer
The Help — Brunson Green, Chris Columbus and Michael Barnathan, Producers
Hugo — Graham King and Martin Scorsese, Producers
Midnight in Paris — Letty Aronson and Stephen Tenenbaum, Producers
Moneyball — Michael De Luca, Rachael Horovitz and Brad Pitt, Producers
The Tree of Life — Sarah Green, Bill Pohlad, Dede Gardner and Grant Hill, Producers
War Horse — Steven Spielberg and Kathleen Kennedy, Producers

2013 (85th)

Amour — Margaret Menegoz, Stefan Arndt, Veit Heiduschka and Michael Katz, Producers
*Argo — Grant Heslov, Ben Affleck and George Clooney, Producers
Beasts of the Southern Wild — Dan Janvey, Josh Penn and Michael Gottwald, Producers
Django Unchained — Stacey Sher, Reginald Hudlin and Pilar Savone, Producers
Les Misérables — Tim Bevan, Eric Fellner, Debra Hayward and Cameron Mackintosh, Producers
Life of Pi — Gil Netter, Ang Lee and David Womark, Producers
Lincoln — Steven Spielberg and Kathleen Kennedy, Producers
Silver Linings Playbook — Donna Gigliotti, Bruce Cohen and Jonathan Gordon, Producers
Zero Dark Thirty — Mark Boal, Kathryn Bigelow and Megan Ellison, Producers

2014 (86th)

American Hustle — Charles Roven, Richard Suckle, Megan Ellison and Jonathan Gordon, Producers
Captain Phillips — Scott Rudin, Dana Brunetti and Michael De Luca, Producers
Dallas Buyers Club — Robbie Brenner and Rachel Winter, Producers
Gravity — Alfonso Cuarón and David Heyman, Producers
Her — Megan Ellison, Spike Jonze and Vincent Landay, Producers
Nebraska — Albert Berger and Ron Yerxa, Producers
Philomena — Gabrielle Tana, Steve Coogan and Tracey Seaward, Producers
*12 Years a Slave — Brad Pitt, Dede Gardner, Jeremy Kleiner, Steve McQueen and Anthony Katagas, Producers
The Wolf of Wall Street — Martin Scorsese, Leonardo DiCaprio, Joey McFarland and Emma Tillinger Koskoff, Producers

2015 (87th)

American Sniper — Clint Eastwood, Robert Lorenz, Andrew Lazar, Bradley Cooper and Peter Morgan, Producers
*Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) — Alejandro G. Iñárritu, John Lesher and James W. Skotchdopole, Producers
Boyhood — Richard Linklater and Cathleen Sutherland, Producers
The Grand Budapest Hotel — Wes Anderson, Scott Rudin, Steven Rales and Jeremy Dawson, Producers
The Imitation Game — Nora Grossman, Ido Ostrowsky and Teddy Schwarzman, Producers
Selma — Christian Colson, Oprah Winfrey, Dede Gardner and Jeremy Kleiner, Producers
The Theory of Everything — Tim Bevan, Eric Fellner, Lisa Bruce and Anthony McCarten, Producers
Whiplash — Jason Blum, Helen Estabrook and David Lancaster, Producers

2016 (88th)

The Big Short — Brad Pitt, Dede Gardner and Jeremy Kleiner, Producers
Bridge of Spies — Steven Spielberg, Marc Platt and Kristie Macosko Krieger, Producers
Brooklyn — Finola Dwyer and Amanda Posey, Producers
Mad Max: Fury Road — Doug Mitchell and George Miller, Producers
The Martian — Simon Kinberg, Ridley Scott, Michael Schaefer and Mark Huffam, Producers
The Revenant — Arnon Milchan, Steve Golin, Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Mary Parent and Keith Redmon, Producers
Room — Ed Guiney, Producer
*Spotlight — Michael Sugar, Steve Golin, Nicole Rocklin and Blye Pagon Faust, Producers

2017 (89th)

Arrival — Shawn Levy, Dan Levine, Aaron Ryder and David Linde, Producers
Fences — Scott Rudin, Denzel Washington and Todd Black, Producers
Hacksaw Ridge — Bill Mechanic and David Permut, Producers
Hell or High Water — Carla Hacken and Julie Yorn, Producers
Hidden Figures — Donna Gigliotti, Peter Chernin, Jenno Topping, Pharrell Williams and Theodore Melfi, Producers
La La Land — Fred Berger, Jordan Horowitz and Marc Platt, Producers
Lion — Emile Sherman, Iain Canning and Angie Fielder, Producers
Manchester by the Sea — Matt Damon, Kimberly Steward, Chris Moore, Lauren Beck and Kevin J. Walsh, Producers
*Moonlight — Adele Romanski, Dede Gardner and Jeremy Kleiner, Producers

2018 (90th)

Call Me by Your Name — Peter Spears, Luca Guadagnino, Emilie Georges and Marco Morabito, Producers
Darkest Hour — Tim Bevan, Eric Fellner, Lisa Bruce, Anthony McCarten and Douglas Urbanski, Producers
Dunkirk — Emma Thomas and Christopher Nolan, Producers
Get Out — Sean McKittrick, Jason Blum, Edward H. Hamm Jr. and Jordan Peele, Producers
Lady Bird — Scott Rudin, Eli Bush and Evelyn O’Neill, Producers
Phantom Thread — JoAnne Sellar, Paul Thomas Anderson, Megan Ellison and Daniel Lupi, Producers
The Post — Amy Pascal, Steven Spielberg and Kristie Macosko Krieger, Producers
*The Shape of Water — Guillermo del Toro and J. Miles Dale, Producers
Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri — Graham Broadbent, Pete Czernin and Martin McDonagh, Producers

BEST DIRECTING
* indicates a win

2001 (73rd Academy Awards)

Billy Elliot — Stephen Daldry
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon — Ang Lee
Erin Brockovich — Steven Soderbergh
Gladiator — Ridley Scott
*Traffic — Steven Soderbergh

2002 (74th)

*A Beautiful Mind — Ron Howard
Black Hawk Down — Ridley Scott
Gosford Park — Robert Altman
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring — Peter Jackson
Mulholland Drive — David Lynch

2003 (75th)

Chicago — Rob Marshall
Gangs of New York — Martin Scorsese
The Hours — Stephen Daldry
*The Pianist — Roman Polanski
Talk to Her — Pedro Almodóvar

2004 (76th)

City of God — Fernando Meirelles
*The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King — Peter Jackson
Lost in Translation — Sofia Coppola
Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World — Peter Weir
Mystic River — Clint Eastwood

2005 (77th)

The Aviator — Martin Scorsese
*Million Dollar Baby — Clint Eastwood
Ray — Taylor Hackford
Sideways — Alexander Payne
Vera Drake — Mike Leigh

2006 (78th)

*Brokeback Mountain — Ang Lee
Capote — Bennett Miller
Crash — Paul Haggis
Good Night, and Good Luck. — George Clooney
Munich — Steven Spielberg

2007 (79th)

Babel — Alejandro González Iñárritu
*The Departed — Martin Scorsese
Letters from Iwo Jima — Clint Eastwood
The Queen — Stephen Frears
United 93 — Paul Greengrass

2008 (80th)

The Diving Bell and the Butterfly — Julian Schnabel
Juno — Jason Reitman
Michael Clayton — Tony Gilroy
*No Country for Old Men — Joel Coen and Ethan Coen
There Will Be Blood — Paul Thomas Anderson

2009 (81st)

The Curious Case of Benjamin Button — David Fincher
Frost/Nixon — Ron Howard
Milk — Gus Van Sant
The Reader — Stephen Daldry
*Slumdog Millionaire — Danny Boyle

2010 (82nd)

Avatar — James Cameron
*The Hurt Locker — Kathryn Bigelow
Inglourious Basterds — Quentin Tarantino
Precious: Based on the Novel ‘Push’ by Sapphire — Lee Daniels
Up in the Air — Jason Reitman

2011 (83rd)

Black Swan — Darren Aronofsky
The Fighter — David O. Russell
*The King’s Speech — Tom Hooper
The Social Network — David Fincher
True Grit — Joel Coen and Ethan Coen

2012 (84th)

*The Artist — Michel Hazanavicius
The Descendants — Alexander Payne
Hugo — Martin Scorsese
Midnight in Paris — Woody Allen
The Tree of Life — Terrence Malick

2013 (85th)

Amour — Michael Haneke
Beasts of the Southern Wild — Benh Zeitlin
*Life of Pi — Ang Lee
Lincoln — Steven Spielberg
Silver Linings Playbook — David O. Russell

2014 (86th)

American Hustle — David O. Russell
*Gravity — Alfonso Cuarón
Nebraska — Alexander Payne
12 Years a Slave — Steve McQueen
The Wolf of Wall Street — Martin Scorsese

2015 (87th)

*Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) — Alejandro G. Iñárritu
Boyhood — Richard Linklater
Foxcatcher — Bennett Miller
The Grand Budapest Hotel — Wes Anderson
The Imitation Game — Morten Tyldum

2016 (88th)

The Big Short — Adam McKay
Mad Max: Fury Road — George Miller
*The Revenant — Alejandro G. Iñárritu
Room — Lenny Abrahamson
Spotlight — Tom McCarthy

2017 (89th)

Arrival — Denis Villeneuve
Hacksaw Ridge — Mel Gibson
*La La Land — Damien Chazelle
Manchester by the Sea — Kenneth Lonergan
Moonlight — Barry Jenkins

2018 (90th)

Dunkirk — Christopher Nolan
Get Out — Jordan Peele
Lady Bird — Greta Gerwig
Phantom Thread — Paul Thomas Anderson
*The Shape of Water — Guillermo del Toro

BEST ACTOR IN A LEADING ROLE
* indicates a win

2001 (73rd Academy Awards)

Javier Bardem — Before Night Falls {“Reinaldo Arenas”}
*Russell Crowe — Gladiator {“Maximus Decimus Meridius”}
Tom Hanks — Cast Away {“Chuck Noland”}
Ed Harris — Pollock {“Jackson Pollock”}
Geoffrey Rush — Quills {“The Marquis de Sade”}

2002 (74th)

Russell Crowe — A Beautiful Mind {“John Nash”}
Sean Penn — I Am Sam {“Sam Dawson”}
Will Smith — Ali {“Muhammad Ali”}
*Denzel Washington — Training Day {“Alonzo”}
Tom Wilkinson — In the Bedroom {“Matt Fowler”}

2003 (75th)

*Adrien Brody — The Pianist {“Wladyslaw Szpilman”}
Nicolas Cage — Adaptation {“Charlie Kaufman & Donald Kaufman”}
Michael Caine — The Quiet American {“Thomas Fowler”}
Daniel Day-Lewis — Gangs of New York {“Bill ‘The Butcher’ Cutting”}
Jack Nicholson — About Schmidt {“Warren Schmidt”}

2004 (76th)

Johnny Depp — Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl {“Jack Sparrow”}
Ben Kingsley — House of Sand and Fog {“Behrani”}
Jude Law — Cold Mountain {“Inman”}
Bill Murray — Lost in Translation {“Bob Harris”}
*Sean Penn — Mystic River {“Jimmy Markum”}

2005 (77th)

Don Cheadle — Hotel Rwanda {“Paul Rusesabagina”}
Johnny Depp — Finding Neverland {“Sir James Matthew Barrie”}
Leonardo DiCaprio — The Aviator {“Howard Hughes”}
Clint Eastwood — Million Dollar Baby {“Frankie Dunn”}
*Jamie Foxx — Ray {“Ray Charles”}

2006 (78th)

*Philip Seymour Hoffman — Capote {“Truman Capote”}
Terrence Howard — Hustle & Flow {“DJay”}
Heath Ledger — Brokeback Mountain {“Ennis Del Mar”}
Joaquin Phoenix — Walk the Line {“John R. Cash”}
David Strathairn — Good Night, and Good Luck. {“Edward R. Murrow”}

2007 (79th)

Leonardo DiCaprio — Blood Diamond {“Danny Archer”}
Ryan Gosling — Half Nelson {“Dan Dunne”}
Peter O’Toole — Venus {“Maurice”}
Will Smith — The Pursuit of Happyness {“Chris Gardner”}
*Forest Whitaker — The Last King of Scotland {“Idi Amin”}

2008 (80th)

George Clooney — Michael Clayton {“Michael Clayton”}
*Daniel Day-Lewis — There Will Be Blood {“Daniel Plainview”}
Johnny Depp — Sweeney Todd The Demon Barber of Fleet Street {“Sweeney Todd”}
Tommy Lee Jones — In the Valley of Elah {“Hank Deerfield”}
Viggo Mortensen — Eastern Promises {“Nikolai”}

2009 (81st)

Richard Jenkins — The Visitor {“Walter”}
Frank Langella — Frost/Nixon {“Richard Nixon”}
*Sean Penn — Milk {“Harvey Milk”}
Brad Pitt — The Curious Case of Benjamin Button {“Benjamin Button”}
Mickey Rourke — The Wrestler {“Randy”}

2010 (82nd)

*Jeff Bridges — Crazy Heart {“Bad Blake”}
George Clooney — Up in the Air {“Ryan Bingham”}
Colin Firth — A Single Man {“George”}
Morgan Freeman — Invictus {“Nelson Mandela”}
Jeremy Renner — The Hurt Locker {“Staff Sergeant William James”}

2011 (83rd)

Javier Bardem — Biutiful {“Uxbal”}
Jeff Bridges — True Grit {“Rooster Cogburn”}
Jesse Eisenberg — The Social Network {“Mark Zuckerberg”}
*Colin Firth — The King’s Speech {“King George VI”}
James Franco — 127 Hours {“Aron Ralston”}

2012 (84th)

Demián Bichir — A Better Life {“Carlos Galindo”}
George Clooney — The Descendants {“Matt King”}
*Jean Dujardin — The Artist {“George Valentin”}
Gary Oldman — Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy {“George Smiley”}
Brad Pitt — Moneyball {“Billy Beane”}

2013 (85th)

Bradley Cooper — Silver Linings Playbook {“Pat”}
*Daniel Day-Lewis — Lincoln {“Abraham Lincoln”}
Hugh Jackman — Les Misérables {“Jean Valjean”}
Joaquin Phoenix — The Master {“Freddie Quell”}
Denzel Washington — Flight {“Whip Whitaker”}

2014 (86th)

Christian Bale — American Hustle {“Irving Rosenfeld”}
Bruce Dern — Nebraska {“Woody Grant”}
Leonardo DiCaprio — The Wolf of Wall Street {“Jordan Belfort”}
Chiwetel Ejiofor — 12 Years a Slave {“Solomon Northup”}
*Matthew McConaughey — Dallas Buyers Club {“Ron Woodroof”}

2015 (87th)

Steve Carell — Foxcatcher {“John du Pont”}
Bradley Cooper — American Sniper {“Chris Kyle”}
Benedict Cumberbatch — The Imitation Game {“Alan Turing”}
Michael Keaton — Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) {“Riggan”}
*Eddie Redmayne — The Theory of Everything {“Stephen Hawking”}

2016 (88th)

Bryan Cranston — Trumbo {“Dalton Trumbo”}
Matt Damon — The Martian {“Mark Watney”}
*Leonardo DiCaprio — The Revenant {“Hugh Glass”}
Michael Fassbender — Steve Jobs {“Steve Jobs”}
Eddie Redmayne — The Danish Girl {“Lili”}

2017 (89th)

*Casey Affleck — Manchester by the Sea {“Lee Chandler”}
Andrew Garfield — Hacksaw Ridge {“Desmond Doss”}
Ryan Gosling — La La Land {“Sebastian”}
Viggo Mortensen — Captain Fantastic {“Ben”}
Denzel Washington — Fences {“Troy Maxson”}

2018 (90th)
Daniel Day-Lewis — Phantom Thread (“Reynolds Woodcock”)
Daniel Kaluuya — Get Out (“Chris Washington”)
Denzel Washington — Roman J. Israel, Esq. (“Roman J. Israel”)
*Gary Oldman — Darkest Hour (“Winston Churchill”)
Timothee Chalamet — Call Me by Your Name (“Elio Perlman”)

ACTRESS IN A LEADING ROLE
* indicates a win

2001 (73rd)

Joan Allen — The Contender {“Laine Hanson”}
Juliette Binoche — Chocolat {“Vianne Rocher”}
Ellen Burstyn — Requiem for a Dream {“Sara Goldfarb”}
Laura Linney — You Can Count on Me {“Samantha ‘Sammy’ Prescott”}
*Julia Roberts — Erin Brockovich {“Erin Brockovich”}

2002 (74th)

*Halle Berry — Monster’s Ball {“Leticia Musgrove”}
Judi Dench — Iris {“Iris Murdoch”}
Nicole Kidman — Moulin Rouge {“Satine”}
Sissy Spacek — In the Bedroom {“Ruth Fowler”}
Renée Zellweger — Bridget Jones’s Diary {“Bridget Jones”}

2003 (75th)

Salma Hayek — Frida {“Frida Kahlo”}
*Nicole Kidman — The Hours {“Virginia Woolf”}
Diane Lane — Unfaithful {“Connie Sumner”}
Julianne Moore — Far from Heaven {“Cathy Whitaker”}
Renée Zellweger — Chicago {“Roxie Hart”}

2004 (76th)

Keisha Castle-Hughes — Whale Rider {“Paikea”}
Diane Keaton — Something’s Gotta Give {“Erica Barry”}
Samantha Morton — In America {“Sarah”}
*Charlize Theron — Monster {“Aileen Wuornos”}
Naomi Watts — 21 Grams {“Cristina Peck”}

2005 (77th)

Annette Bening — Being Julia {“Julia Lambert”}
Catalina Sandino Moreno — Maria Full of Grace {“Maria”}
Imelda Staunton — Vera Drake {“Vera”}
*Hilary Swank — Million Dollar Baby {“Maggie Fitzgerald”}
Kate Winslet — Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind {“Clementine Kruczynski”}

2006 (78th)

Judi Dench — Mrs. Henderson Presents {“Mrs. Laura Henderson”}
Felicity Huffman — Transamerica {“Bree”}
Keira Knightley — Pride & Prejudice {“Elizabeth Bennet”}
Charlize Theron — North Country {“Josey Aimes”}
*Reese Witherspoon — Walk the Line {“June Carter”}

2007 (79th)

Penélope Cruz — Volver {“Raimunda”}
Judi Dench — Notes on a Scandal {“Barbara Covett”}
*Helen Mirren — The Queen {“The Queen”}
Meryl Streep — The Devil Wears Prada {“Miranda Priestly”}
Kate Winslet — Little Children {“Sarah Pierce”}

2008 (80th)

Cate Blanchett — Elizabeth: The Golden Age {“Queen Elizabeth I”}
Julie Christie — Away from Her {“Fiona”}
*Marion Cotillard — La Vie en Rose {“Edith Piaf”}
Laura Linney — The Savages {“Wendy Savage”}
Ellen Page — Juno {“Juno MacGuff”}

2009 (81st)

Anne Hathaway — Rachel Getting Married {“Kym”}
Angelina Jolie — Changeling {“Christine Collins”}
Melissa Leo — Frozen River {“Ray Eddy”}
Meryl Streep — Doubt {“Sister Aloysius Beauvier”}
*Kate Winslet — The Reader {“Hanna Schmitz”}

2010 (82nd)

*Sandra Bullock — The Blind Side {“Leigh Anne Tuohy”}
Helen Mirren — The Last Station {“Sofya”}
Carey Mulligan — An Education {“Jenny”}
Gabourey Sidibe — Precious: Based on the Novel ‘Push’ by Sapphire {“Precious”}
Meryl Streep — Julie & Julia {“Julia Child”}

2011 (83rd)

Annette Bening — The Kids Are All Right {“Nic”}
Nicole Kidman — Rabbit Hole {“Becca”}
Jennifer Lawrence — Winter’s Bone {“Ree”}
*Natalie Portman — Black Swan {“Nina Sayers/The Swan Queen”}
Michelle Williams — Blue Valentine {“Cindy”}

2012 (84th)

Glenn Close — Albert Nobbs {“Albert Nobbs”}
Viola Davis — The Help {“Aibileen Clark”}
Rooney Mara — The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo {“Lisbeth Salander”}
*Meryl Streep — The Iron Lady {“Margaret Thatcher”}
Michelle Williams — My Week with Marilyn {“Marilyn Monroe”}

2013 (85th)

Jessica Chastain — Zero Dark Thirty {“Maya”}
*Jennifer Lawrence — Silver Linings Playbook {“Tiffany”}
Emmanuelle Riva — Amour {“Anne”}
Quvenzhané Wallis — Beasts of the Southern Wild {“Hushpuppy”}
Naomi Watts — The Impossible {“Maria”}

2014 (86th)

Amy Adams — American Hustle {“Sydney Prosser”}
*Cate Blanchett — Blue Jasmine {“Jasmine”}
Sandra Bullock — Gravity {“Ryan Stone”}
Judi Dench — Philomena {“Philomena”}
Meryl Streep — August: Osage County {“Violet Weston”}

2015 (87th)

Marion Cotillard — Two Days, One Night {“Sandra”}
Felicity Jones — The Theory of Everything {“Jane Hawking”}
*Julianne Moore — Still Alice {“Alice Howland”}
Rosamund Pike — Gone Girl {“Amy Dunne”}
Reese Witherspoon — Wild {“Cheryl”}

2016 (88th)

Cate Blanchett — Carol {“Carol Aird”}
*Brie Larson — Room {“Ma”}
Jennifer Lawrence — Joy {“Joy”}
Charlotte Rampling — 45 Years {“Kate Mercer”}
Saoirse Ronan — Brooklyn {“Eilis”}

2017 (89th)

Isabelle Huppert — Elle {“Michèle”}
Ruth Negga — Loving {“Mildred”}
Natalie Portman — Jackie {“Jackie Kennedy”}
*Emma Stone — La La Land {“Mia”}
Meryl Streep — Florence Foster Jenkins {“Florence Foster Jenkins”}

2018 (90th)

*Francis McDormand — Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri
Margot Robbie — I, Tonya (“Tonya Harding”)
Meryl Streep — The Post (“Kay Graham”)
Sally Hawkins — The Shape of Water (“Elisa Esposito”)
Saoirse Ronan — Lady Bird (“Lady Bird McPherson”)

BEST WRITING
* indicates a win

2001 (73rd)
WRITING (Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published)
Chocolat — Screenplay by Robert Nelson Jacobs
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon — Written by Wang Hui Ling and James Schamus and Tsai Kuo Jung
O Brother, Where Art Thou? — Written by Ethan Coen & Joel Coen
*Traffic — Screenplay by Stephen Gaghan
Wonder Boys — Screenplay by Steve Kloves
-WRITING (Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen)
*Almost Famous — Written by Cameron Crowe
Billy Elliot — Written by Lee Hall
Erin Brockovich — Written by Susannah Grant
Gladiator — Screenplay by David Franzoni and John Logan and William Nicholson; Story by David Franzoni
You Can Count on Me — Written by Kenneth Lonergan

2002 (74th)
WRITING (Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published)
*A Beautiful Mind — Written by Akiva Goldsman
Ghost World — Written by Daniel Clowes & Terry Zwigoff
In the Bedroom — Screenplay by Rob Festinger and Todd Field
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring — Screenplay by Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, Peter Jackson
Shrek — Written by Ted Elliott & Terry Rossio and Joe Stillman and Roger S.H. Schulman
-WRITING (Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen)
Amélie — Screenplay by Guillaume Laurant and Jean-Pierre Jeunet; Dialogue by Guillaume Laurant
*Gosford Park — Written by Julian Fellowes
Memento — Screenplay by Christopher Nolan; Story by Jonathan Nolan
Monster’s Ball — Written by Milo Addica & Will Rokos
The Royal Tenenbaums — Written by Wes Anderson & Owen Wilson

2003 (75th)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
About a Boy — Screenplay by Peter Hedges and Chris Weitz & Paul Weitz
Adaptation — Screenplay by Charlie Kaufman and Donald Kaufman
Chicago — Screenplay by Bill Condon
The Hours — Screenplay by David Hare
*The Pianist — Screenplay by Ronald Harwood
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
Far from Heaven — Written by Todd Haynes
Gangs of New York — Screenplay by Jay Cocks and Steve Zaillian and Kenneth Lonergan; Story by Jay Cocks
My Big Fat Greek Wedding — Written by Nia Vardalos
*Talk to Her — Written by Pedro Almodóvar
Y Tu Mamá También — Written by Carlos Cuarón and Alfonso Cuarón

2004 (76th)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
American Splendor — Written by Robert Pulcini & Shari Springer Berman
City of God — Screenplay by Braulio Mantovani
*The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King — Screenplay by Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens & Peter Jackson
Mystic River — Screenplay by Brian Helgeland
Seabiscuit — Written for the Screen by Gary Ross
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
The Barbarian Invasions — Written by Denys Arcand
Dirty Pretty Things — Written by Steven Knight
Finding Nemo — Screenplay by Andrew Stanton, Bob Peterson and David Reynolds; Original Story by Andrew Stanton
In America — Written by Jim Sheridan & Naomi Sheridan & Kirsten Sheridan
*Lost in Translation — Written by Sofia Coppola

2005 (77th)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
Before Sunset — Screenplay by Richard Linklater & Julie Delpy & Ethan Hawke; Story by Richard Linklater & Kim Krizan
Finding Neverland — Screenplay by David Magee
Million Dollar Baby — Screenplay by Paul Haggis
The Motorcycle Diaries — Screenplay by José Rivera
*Sideways — Screenplay by Alexander Payne & Jim Taylor
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
The Aviator — Written by John Logan
*Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind — Screenplay by Charlie Kaufman; Story by Charlie Kaufman & Michel Gondry & Pierre Bismuth
Hotel Rwanda — Written by Keir Pearson & Terry George
The Incredibles — Written by Brad Bird
Vera Drake — Written by Mike Leigh

2006 (78th)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
*Brokeback Mountain — Screenplay by Larry McMurtry & Diana Ossana
Capote — Screenplay by Dan Futterman
The Constant Gardener — Screenplay by Jeffrey Caine
A History of Violence — Screenplay by Josh Olson
Munich — Screenplay by Tony Kushner and Eric Roth
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
*Crash — Screenplay by Paul Haggis & Bobby Moresco; Story by Paul Haggis
Good Night, and Good Luck. — Screenplay by George Clooney & Grant Heslov
Match Point — Written by Woody Allen
The Squid and the Whale — Written by Noah Baumbach
Syriana — Written by Stephen Gaghan

2007 (79th)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
Borat Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan — Screenplay by Sacha Baron Cohen & Anthony Hines & Peter Baynham & Dan Mazer; Story by Sacha Baron Cohen & Peter Baynham & Anthony Hines & Todd Phillips
Children of Men — Screenplay by Alfonso Cuarón & Timothy J. Sexton and David Arata and Mark Fergus & Hawk Ostby
*The Departed — Screenplay by William Monahan
Little Children — Screenplay by Todd Field & Tom Perrotta
Notes on a Scandal — Screenplay by Patrick Marber
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
Babel — Written by Guillermo Arriaga
Letters from Iwo Jima — Screenplay by Iris Yamashita; Story by Iris Yamashita & Paul Haggis
*Little Miss Sunshine — Written by Michael Arndt
Pan’s Labyrinth — Written by Guillermo del Toro
The Queen — Written by Peter Morgan

2008 (80th)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
Atonement — Screenplay by Christopher Hampton
Away from Her — Written by Sarah Polley
The Diving Bell and the Butterfly — Screenplay by Ronald Harwood
*No Country for Old Men — Written for the screen by Joel Coen & Ethan Coen
There Will Be Blood — Written for the Screen by Paul Thomas Anderson
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
*Juno — Written by Diablo Cody
Lars and the Real Girl — Written by Nancy Oliver
Michael Clayton — Written by Tony Gilroy
Ratatouille — Screenplay by Brad Bird; Story by Jan Pinkava, Jim Capobianco, Brad Bird
The Savages — Written by Tamara Jenkins

2009 (81st)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button — Screenplay by Eric Roth; Screen story by Eric Roth and Robin Swicord
Doubt — Written by John Patrick Shanley
Frost/Nixon — Screenplay by Peter Morgan
The Reader — Screenplay by David Hare
*Slumdog Millionaire — Screenplay by Simon Beaufoy
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
Frozen River — Written by Courtney Hunt
Happy-Go-Lucky — Written by Mike Leigh
In Bruges — Written by Martin McDonagh
*Milk — Written by Dustin Lance Black
WALL-E — Screenplay by Andrew Stanton, Jim Reardon; Original story by Andrew Stanton, Pete Docter

2010 (82nd)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
District 9 — Written by Neill Blomkamp and Terri Tatchell
An Education — Screenplay by Nick Hornby
In the Loop — Screenplay by Jesse Armstrong, Simon Blackwell, Armando Iannucci, Tony Roche
*Precious: Based on the Novel ‘Push’ by Sapphire — Screenplay by Geoffrey Fletcher
Up in the Air — Screenplay by Jason Reitman and Sheldon Turner
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
*The Hurt Locker — Written by Mark Boal
Inglourious Basterds — Written by Quentin Tarantino
The Messenger — Written by Alessandro Camon & Oren Moverman
A Serious Man — Written by Joel Coen & Ethan Coen
Up — Screenplay by Bob Peterson, Pete Docter; Story by Pete Docter, Bob Peterson, Tom McCarthy

2011 (83rd)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
127 Hours — Screenplay by Danny Boyle & Simon Beaufoy
*The Social Network — Screenplay by Aaron Sorkin
Toy Story 3 — Screenplay by Michael Arndt; Story by John Lasseter, Andrew Stanton and Lee Unkrich
True Grit — Written for the screen by Joel Coen & Ethan Coen
Winter’s Bone — Adapted for the screen by Debra Granik & Anne Rosellini
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
Another Year — Written by Mike Leigh
The Fighter — Screenplay by Scott Silver and Paul Tamasy & Eric Johnson; Story by Keith Dorrington & Paul Tamasy & Eric Johnson
Inception — Written by Christopher Nolan
The Kids Are All Right — Written by Lisa Cholodenko & Stuart Blumberg
*The King’s Speech — Screenplay by David Seidler

2012 (84th)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
*The Descendants — Screenplay by Alexander Payne and Nat Faxon & Jim Rash
Hugo — Screenplay by John Logan
The Ides of March — Screenplay by George Clooney & Grant Heslov and Beau Willimon
Moneyball — Screenplay by Steven Zaillian and Aaron Sorkin; Story by Stan Chervin
Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy — Screenplay by Bridget O’Connor & Peter Straughan
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
The Artist — Written by Michel Hazanavicius
Bridesmaids — Written by Annie Mumolo & Kristen Wiig
Margin Call — Written by J.C. Chandor
*Midnight in Paris — Written by Woody Allen
A Separation — Written by Asghar Farhadi

2013 (85th)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
*Argo — Screenplay by Chris Terrio
Beasts of the Southern Wild — Screenplay by Lucy Alibar & Benh Zeitlin
Life of Pi — Screenplay by David Magee
Lincoln — Screenplay by Tony Kushner
Silver Linings Playbook — Screenplay by David O. Russell
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
Amour — Written by Michael Haneke
*Django Unchained — Written by Quentin Tarantino
Flight — Written by John Gatins
Moonrise Kingdom — Written by Wes Anderson & Roman Coppola
Zero Dark Thirty — Written by Mark Boal

2014 (86th)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
Before Midnight — Written by Richard Linklater, Julie Delpy, Ethan Hawke
Captain Phillips — Screenplay by Billy Ray
Philomena — Screenplay by Steve Coogan and Jeff Pope
*12 Years a Slave — Screenplay by John Ridley
The Wolf of Wall Street — Screenplay by Terence Winter
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
American Hustle — Written by Eric Warren Singer and David O. Russell
Blue Jasmine — Written by Woody Allen
Dallas Buyers Club — Written by Craig Borten & Melisa Wallack
*Her — Written by Spike Jonze
Nebraska — Written by Bob Nelson

2015 (87th)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
American Sniper — Written by Jason Hall
*The Imitation Game — Written by Graham Moore
Inherent Vice — Written for the screen by Paul Thomas Anderson
The Theory of Everything — Screenplay by Anthony McCarten
Whiplash — Written by Damien Chazelle
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
*Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) — Written by Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris, Jr. & Armando Bo
Boyhood — Written by Richard Linklater
Foxcatcher — Written by E. Max Frye and Dan Futterman
The Grand Budapest Hotel — Screenplay by Wes Anderson; Story by Wes Anderson & Hugo Guinness
Nightcrawler — Written by Dan Gilroy

2016 (88th)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
*The Big Short — Screenplay by Charles Randolph and Adam McKay
Brooklyn — Screenplay by Nick Hornby
Carol — Screenplay by Phyllis Nagy
The Martian — Screenplay by Drew Goddard
Room — Screenplay by Emma Donoghue
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
Bridge of Spies — Written by Matt Charman and Ethan Coen & Joel Coen
Ex Machina — Written by Alex Garland
Inside Out — Screenplay by Pete Docter, Meg LeFauve, Josh Cooley; Original story by Pete Docter, Ronnie del Carmen
*Spotlight — Written by Josh Singer & Tom McCarthy
Straight Outta Compton — Screenplay by Jonathan Herman and Andrea Berloff; Story by S. Leigh Savidge & Alan Wenkus and Andrea Berloff

2017 (89th)
WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
Arrival — Screenplay by Eric Heisserer
Fences — Screenplay by August Wilson
Hidden Figures — Screenplay by Allison Schroeder and Theodore Melfi
Lion — Screenplay by Luke Davies
*Moonlight — Screenplay by Barry Jenkins; Story by Tarell Alvin McCraney
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
Hell or High Water — Written by Taylor Sheridan
La La Land — Written by Damien Chazelle
The Lobster — Written by Yorgos Lanthimos, Efthimis Filippou
*Manchester by the Sea — Written by Kenneth Lonergan
20th Century Women — Written by Mike Mills

2018 (90th)
-WRITING (Adapted Screenplay)
*Call Me by Your Name — Screenplay by James Ivory
The Disaster Artist — Screenplay by Scott Neustadter & Michael H. Weber
Logan — Screenplay by Scott Frank & James Mangold and Michael Green
Molly’s Game — Screeplay by Aaron Southern
Mudbound — Screenplay by Virgil Williams and Dee Rees
-WRITING (Original Screenplay)
The Big Sick — Written by Emily V. Gordoon & Kumail Nanjiani
*Get Out — Written by Jordan Peele
Lady Bird — Written by Greta Gerwig
The Shape of Water — Written by Guillermo del Toro, Vanessa Taylor
Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri — Written by Martin McDonagh


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